Indonesia

Indonesia is an archipelago comprising of approximately 17,506 islands; the largest are Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, New Guinea, and Sulawesi. Indonesia is located on the edges of three tectonic plates, and has about 220 active volcanoes. Earthquakes are frequent. The tsunami hitting vast areas of Southeast Asia in 2004 was due to an underground seismic eruption. With an estimated 230,261 people killed, Sumatra in Indonesia was the area with the highest number of casualties.
Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world with 251 million people, with a high population growth of 1.6%. The culture is marked by religious diversity, influenced by Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and animism. Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim-majority nation.

History
From 1789 Indonesia was a colony of the Netherlands. During World War II the Japanese invaded the country, an incident initiating a liberation movement in the country. In the aftermath the Netherlands never regained control and under leadership of the nationalist leader Sukarno the country declared independency in 1949. Riots in the wake of independency caused hundreds of thousands of ordinary people to be executed, under false claims of being communists and left-wing radicals.
General Suharto was formally appointed president in 1968. He established his “New Order” administration, encouraging foreign direct investments in Indonesia. The country was hit hard by the Asian financial crisis in 1998. This led to massive protest against Suharto’s authoritarian regime, resulting in his resignation.

Politics
Indonesia is the third largest democracy in the world. Both the president and the government are elected for a five-year period. The country consists of 30 provinces, with an addition of Aceh, Yogyakarta and the capital district of Jakarta. Free elections have been held since 1998.

Current issues are to alleviate poverty, improve education, prevent terrorism, consolidate democracy after four decades of authoritarian regime, conduct economical and financial reforms, alleviate corruption, reform the judicial system, hold the military and police accountable for violation of human rights, fight climate changes, and get infectious diseases under control, especially with regards to global and regional influences.

Economy
Under Suharto’s regime Indonesia experienced financial growth. Indonesia was the country hardest hit by the Asian financial crisis in 1998. In the years following the crisis, the GDP has grown. Today, the Indonesian economy is the largest in Southeast Asia. The major part of the financial growth has been on the island Java and in the capital Jakarta. The multitude of islands comprising the country is also a hindrance in regards to transportation. A well-developed transportation system can only be found where the population density is highest.

The largest industries in Indonesia are oil and energy, textiles, shoes, mining, cement, rubber, forestry, foodstuffs, and tourism. Major export countries are Japan, Singapore, the US, and China.  

The use of oil and charcoal as sources for energy, together with overuse of artificial fertilizer and pesticides, are creating massive environmental problems. Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of palm oil, and palm oil plantations are a major reason for deforestation. The country has entered into an agreement of ways to protect the rainforest.

With financial growth the gap between rich and poor is also growing. Poverty is more severe in rural areas. According to the World Bank close to half of the population lives on USD 2 a day.

What Dina have done in Indonesia

The Dina Foundation has contributed more health care in Indonesia. The Foundation has built clinics that provide treatment to the poor and victims of natural disasters.

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The Dina Clinic in Manado

In Indonesia The Dina Foundation has built a clinic providing treatment to the poor living at the dump.

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The Dina Clinic in Sidoarjo

The Dina Foundation has built a clinic offering treatment to victims of an ongoing natural disaster in Indonesia.