Over the years, Tanzania is the country that has received most aid through the Norwegian development assistance program.  The country is comprised of the mainland area of Tanganyika and the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba. In 1964 Tanzania was establish as a Federal Republic. Prior to this, the mainland area was German protectorate, then a British Mandate. Tanganyika became independent in 1961, while Zanzibar was a British protectorate from 1890 until 1963. When looking at the income per capita, Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. Thanks to the gold industry and tourism, the country has experienced rapid financial growth the past years. Mainland Tanzania has over 44 million inhabitants, while just over one million are living on Zanzibar. About 77 percent of the population is living below the poverty line.

Norwegian development assistance
Norwegian development assistance started in 1962, and Tanzania has since 1966 been a prioritized co-operation partner for Norwegian aid. Tanzania has managed to facilitate rapid financial growth, increasing domestic and international investments, and has strengthened the macroeconomic stability.  At the same time, the government has increased the domestic tax revenue, increased their efforts in the social sector and on some levels of the infrastructural sector. There has been a very low increase in regard to the income of the poorest part of the population, and actually the amount of people living below the poverty line is increasing. One of the main challenges for the nation in the time ahead is to include broader parts of the population in the financial growth that the country is experiencing, particularly to create work for the upcoming generations that provide a level in wages and social benefits above the poverty line. The population consists of large amounts of young people, many of them being introduced to the work market each year.

A peaceful country
Tanzania has been a peaceful country. The country has contributed to stabilization in promoting cooperation on the African continent, being strongly engaged in the African Union (AU). Globally the country has fought for increased health and education in the developing countries. The conflicts in Tanzania’s neighboring countries have affected the country, mainly through the huge numbers of refugees fleeing to and staying in Tanzania over several years. Tanzania has also been involved in the peace process of neighboring countries, especially in the Burundi peace process.

Religious unrest
Large portions of Tanzanians are Muslims. On the mainland there are 30 percent Christians, 35 percent Muslims, and 35 percent pursuing one of the numerous indigenous religions. Over 99 percent of the population in Zanzibar is Muslim. The island has endured political demonstrations resulting in violence and huge property damage. On the mainland there have been incidents resulting in the loss of lives as the police have acted against protests from the opposition. These demonstrations have been based on religious unrest, expressed through hate propaganda and assassinations against priests. On initiative from the president, representatives from both the Christian and the Muslim society are working to hinder these incidents from getting out of control, helping Tanzania to continue their track of religious tolerance.

The Dina Foundation started working in Zanzibar with a desire to help the poor people of the island, but also to contribute in the process of peace and reconciliation between religious groups. The foundation has established a mobile clinic, visiting villages on the island and offering free health checks and treatment. The clinical team includes members from different religious groupings, and their work is also a contribution to peace and reconciliation between religious groups.

Dina in Tanzania

As many as 70 percent live below the poverty level in Tanzania. The Dina Foundation operates a mobile clinic that provides free health checks to poor people in Zanzibar.

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The Mobile Clinic at Zanzibar

The Dina Foundation runs a mobile clinic offering free healthcare to the poor of Zanzibar in Tanzania.